Saxony

Hell's Mines (Desolate Churches I)

The largest artificial sandstone underground in Europe

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Hell's Mines (Desolate Churches I)
Inserted: 15.11.2021
Author: Martin Javorský © gigaplaces.com
Suitable for:
Car tourists
Families with children
Hikers
Excursionist
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About 9 km northeast of the town of Česká Lípa is the largest artificial sandstone underground in Europe – Pusté kostely I cave, currently better known as Pekelné doly. It is a system of mostly artificially carved caves in the local sandstone massif.

The largest artificial sandstone underground in Europe

This huge man-made underground was created in the 18th century for glass production. Originally, they were a system of sandstone quarries for glass production, especially for grinding mirrors. The individual underground chambers are 2 – 4 m high and extend 100 m into the depths of the sandstone massif.

The largest artificial sandstone underground in Europe
Author: Martin Javorský © gigaplaces.com

Cave complex

The system of large underground spaces and corridors has an area of approximately 3,500 m2 and has a constant temperature of 12 ° C. The flat sandstone vault passing through the rock is unique in the world. This vault is 110 m long and is supported by over 30 pillars.

Cave complex
Author: Martin Javorský © gigaplaces.com

German underground factory

The large underground spaces were used during the occupation by the Germans, who set up an underground military factory here. In the autumn of 1944, prisoners were driven here for slave labor. They produced 30 mm MK 108 air cannons here in inhuman conditions.

German underground factory
Author: Martin Javorský © gigaplaces.com

Biker club

The most famous and largest cave of the complex is called Nautilus and is now used commercially. The motorcycle club „Pekelné doly“ is now housed in this unique environment. A great curiosity is the possibility to ride a motorcycle inside the caves. Entrance to the underground is charged.

Biker club
Author: Martin Javorský © gigaplaces.com

Program for visitors

Various events take place here all year round, not only for bikers. The mysterious underground will also be enjoyed by children, for whom various attractions are prepared.

Program for visitors
Author: Martin Javorský © gigaplaces.com

Underground bar

A curiosity is the underground bar with a wide range of hot and cold meals and drinks.

Underground bar
Author: Martin Javorský © gigaplaces.com

An attractive place for filmmakers

Attractive underground spaces were often used in the film. The most famous ie fairy tale The Devils Are Not Jokes filmed in 1984. In addition to other fairy tales, shots of the American film „Salomon Kane“ were filmed here.

An attractive place for filmmakers
Author: Martin Javorský © gigaplaces.com
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