Capital cities of European countries

Capital cities of European countries

The most important cities in Europe

The capitals of the countries of Europe are usually the largest city in the country or the most interesting for visitors than­ks to the largest number of monuments and modern architecture. Take a look at the overview of European Capitals and identify where you have been or where you want to go.

Praha / Prague
50.087, 14.42
192 m / 630 ft

#1 Praha / Prague

Capital of Czech Republic

Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It has about 1.3 million inhabitants. Thanks to its historic center it is considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Among the most important sights are Prague Castle, Charles Bridge and Old Town Square.

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41.89, 12.492
22 m / 72 ft

#2 Rome

The capital of Italy

The city of Rome, also called the Eternal City, is the capital and largest city of Italy. Of course, it was famous for being the center of the impressive Roman Empire. It has less than three million inhabitants and is full of monuments, including the famous Colosseum or the Forum Romanum. In the center of the city is also the world's smallest country - Vatican with the famous Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist

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48.894, 2.373
48 m / 157 ft

#3 Paris

The capital of France

Paris is one of the largest cities in Europe. The most famous monuments include the famous Eiffel Tower, the Notre Dame Cathedral, Montmartre, the Louvre, Versailles and many others. It is so-called city of love, where many couples go to spend their honeymoon. Center Georges Pompidou is also interesting. I still remember the excited debates about this building when it was completed - just like the Eiffel Tower. History repeats :-)

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51.507, -0.128
8 m / 26 ft

#4 London

The capital city of England and the United Kingdom

London, with more than eight million inhabitants, is one of the largest cities in Europe. You will also find interesting sights such as the famous Big Ben, Tower Bridge, Tower of London, St. Paul and many others.

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37.972, 23.726
151 m / 495 ft

#5 Athens

The capital of Greece

Athens, capital of Greece and a legendary ancient city with amazing Acropolis. Together with the port of Pireus, it has over four million inhabitants. Here you will find many beautiful ancient sights, headed by the Parthenon. In addition, there are many viewpoint hills in the city.

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47.498, 19.04
108 m / 354 ft

#6 Budapest

The capital of Hungary

Budapest is not only the main but also the largest city of Hungary. Similarly to nearby Vienna or Bratislava lies on both sides of the Danube. Among the most famous monuments are the monumental building of the Parliament and the Cathedral of St. Stepan.

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48.208, 16.374
178 m / 584 ft

#7 Vienna

The capital city of Austria

Vienna is the main and the largest city of Austria lies on the Danube. It is also the largest city in Central Europe. You will find many famous sights such as the Cathedral of St. Stephen, Hofburg, Schönbrunn Castle and many others.

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55.756, 37.617
152 m / 499 ft

#8 Moscow

The capital of Russia

Moscow is the largest city in Europe. It has almost 12 million inhabitants. It has nine main railway stations, four international airports, 12 subway lines, a tramway, a bus and trolleybus network, and a monorail network. The city is complemented by the river of Moscow, on which there are two river ports. The city is the most western point (station) of the Trans-Siberian highway. The Moscow Kremlin was declared together with the Red Square in 1990 as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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52.37, 4.895
9 m / 30 ft

#9 Amsterdam

The capital of the Netherlands

Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands. It is now the largest Dutch city and its financial and cultural center. Even though Amsterdam was bombed during World War II (as one of the first large cities), and the historical monuments got a lot of work here, it recovered after several postwar years. It has been ranked among the most beautiful cities in the world, which attracts thousands of tourists

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38.725, -9.15
56 m / 184 ft

#10 Lisabon

The capital of Portugal

The city of Lisbon belongs to smaller European capitals, but if you count the agglomerations, it is more than three million inhabitants. Among the most important sights are Belém Tower, Mosteiro dos Jeronimos, castle of saint George and the historic district of Baixa.

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40.417, -3.704
648 m / 2 126 ft

#11 Madrid

The capital of Spain

Practically right in the middle of the country, on the plateau, lies Madrid. Spain's largest city and one of the largest cities in Europe. Among the most important sights of the city are the Plaza Mayor, the royal palace, the town hall and Almudena Cathedral.

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59.437, 24.754
12 m / 39 ft

#12 Tallinn

Capital of Estonia

The port city of Tallinn is the capital of Estonia and the most beautiful city of the Baltic. It has less than a half million inhabitants. You will find here the walls of the old town, the great orthodox temple and the exhibition houses.

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52.52, 13.405
36 m / 118 ft

#13 Berlin

The capital of Germany

Berlin is the capital city and also the federal state of the Federal Republic of Germany. The Spree River flows through the city. The most famous monuments in the city include the Reichstag, the Brandenburg Gate, the world-famous Unter den Linden, Schloss Charlottenburg, the former Checkpoint Charlie, the East Side Gallery, the Fernsehturm TV Tower, the Berliner Dom

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55.676, 12.568
6 m / 20 ft

#14 Copenhagen

The capital of Denmark

Copenhagen is a beautiful city with an amazing atmosphere that multiplies by sitting at the beer or wine in the harbor or in the picturesque corner of the old town. Copenhagen (Danish København) is the main and largest city of Denmark. It lies on the eastern coast of the island of Sjælland and partly on the island of Amager. There are about half a million inhabitants in the city, with more than one million in the urban agglomeration. The city is the seat of the Danish Queen.

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59.329, 18.069
19 m / 62 ft

#15 Stockholm

The capital of Sweden

Stockholm is the capital of Sweden. It is spread over fourteen islands between Lake Mälaren and the Baltic Sea. It has a million inhabitants. The city is densely interwoven with water canals and is supposedly the greenest capital of Europe. Government, parliament, and the royal family are based in Stockholm. Every year, the Nobel Prizes are announced here. The main landmarks include the old town of Gamla Stan full of crooked narrow streets, royal castle, parliament building, Skansen

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48.144, 17.108
139 m / 456 ft

#16 Bratislava

The capital of Slovakia

Bratislava is the capital of Slovakia and even the largest city. It has almost half a million inhabitants. The symbol of the city is the four tower castle. Besides, there is also a nice old part of town. Bratislava is situated on the Danube River just a short distance from Austria and Hungary.

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50.85, 4.352
18 m / 59 ft

#17 Brussels

The capital of Belgium (and so far the EU)

The predominantly French-speaking Brussels with more than a million inhabitants offers a magnificent Grand Place with an impressive city hall and guild houses as well as a new Atomium in the shape of a 165-billion-square-a-half-iron-sized molecule. But the city is more famous for its Belgian pralines, waffles, French fries, and Manneken Pis.

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43.731, 7.421
63 m / 207 ft

#18 Monaco-Ville

The capital of Monaco

Monaco-Ville is a historic part of Monaco, built on a rock high above the sea. You will find here, for example, the Prince's Palace and the Cathedral. Just next is the more famous Monte Carlo.

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56.95, 24.105
16 m / 52 ft

#19 Riga

The capital of Latvia

Riga is the capital of Latvia and with 750,000 inhabitants, the largest city in the whole Baltic region. It lies on the Daugava River at its mouth in the Gulf of Riga. The curiosity is that more Russians than the Latvians live in the metropolis. In the past, the city was a very powerful member of Hanza, which is reflected in the many preserved monuments. Dominant is the Rižský Dóm, the largest church in the Baltic. castle - seat of Latvian President.

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The Vatican City State
41.903, 12.453
32 m / 105 ft

#20 The Vatican City State

A sovereign city state in the middle of Rome

The Vatican is located within the city of Rome, the capital of Italy. With an area of approximately 44 hectares and less than a thousand inhabitants, it is the smallest country in the world. Its territory is for the most part surrounded by a historic wall and consists mainly of gardens, churches and other buildings. The Vatican is ruled by a lifetime elected Pope. The Vatican's own territory include the famous St. Peter's Basilica

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50.47, 30.543
94 m / 308 ft

#21 Kiev

The capital of Ukraine

Kiev has almost three million inhabitants. Among the most important monuments are St. Michael's Cathedral. The center is a great square of independence, where bloody riots broke out in November 2013. The city flows through the mighty Dnieper River, surprisingly relatively clean. There is also one famous monuments, which is old for centuries - the Golden Gate, or Zolota Vorota, the rest of the fortifications to protect Kiev from Mongol attacks. So they are almost 1,000 years

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53.35, -6.26
5 m / 16 ft

#22 Dublin

The capital city of Ireland

Dublin city has almost two million inhabitants. Famous is mainly for its typical bars. The most significant monuments are Dublin Castle, Father Matthew Bridge and Trinity College Dublin.

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53.905, 27.562
207 m / 679 ft

#23 Minsk

Capital of Belarus

Minsk lies almost in the geometric center of Belarus, on the banks of the Svislak and Njamiha rivers. It has less than two million inhabitants. It has become an important economic and cultural center. Although Minsk looks like very young and modern, it is one of the oldest cities in Europe. The first preserved mention dates back to 1067, being older than Moscow or Berlin.

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San Marino
43.972, 12.468
171 m / 561 ft

#24 San Marino

The capital of San Marino

Most visitors arrive to San Marino, for a one-day trip in a yourney to Italy. It is an amazing place of breathing history. The local shops are packed with everything the tourist might want. The whole country of San Marino is actually only this town with a castle on the hill. You can go through almost everything in this castle.

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54.687, 25.28
103 m / 338 ft

#25 Vilnius

Capital of Lithuania

Vilnius is located at the confluence of the Neris and Vilnius rivers. The city has half a million inhabitants. The city center is a Baroque old town. There is also Gedimin Hill, with the old castle. Interesting is Cathedral Square with an unusually classical pure white cathedral, towers and statues of Lithuanian princes. The gem of the Gothic architecture - St. Anne's brick church is definitely worth a visit.

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46.948, 7.447
546 m / 1 791 ft

#26 Bern

The capital of Switzerland

The capital of Switzerland is located in the bend of the River Aare and is the gateway to the Swiss Alps. It has roughly 123,500 inhabitants and the center of the Old Town, nestled on a small area, is listed on the UNESCO list. The city is also known as an alternative artistic scene, and the locals tastefully switch from their singing and slow dialect to English.

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59.914, 10.752
5 m / 16 ft

#27 Oslo

The capital of Norway

The capital city of Norway, Oslo was founded in 1048. Worth a visit is the Royal Palace, Akershus castle and fortress, the Holmenkollen ski jump, the Viking Ship Museum, the Kon-Tiki Museum, which houses the original raft Norwegian traveler Thor Heyerdahl, and last but not least Vigeland Park with 214 original sculptures.

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41.997, 21.428
248 m / 814 ft

#28 Skopje

Capital of Macedonia

Skopje is divided by the Vardar River in the northern predominantly Muslim part and by the southerly settled rather Orthodox Christians along with government buildings and business centers. The most interesting is the old Turkish part of Čaršija with mosques, cafes and bazaar. The Turks ruled here for 520 years. The largest and most decorated is the Mustafa Paši Mosque from the end of the 15th century. One of the symbols of Skopje is the Turkish Kameni bridge, 214 meters long with 13 arches from the times of Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror. On the northern shore stands the Kale Fortress. Christian monuments represent the monastery and the church of Sveti Spas.

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Andorra la Vella
42.51, 1.533
1 000 m / 3 281 ft

#29 Andorra la Vella

The capital of Andorra

Andorra la Vella is one of the smallest capitals of the world. There are just over 20,000 inhabitants here. The city has a picturesque location in the Pyrenean mountain valley.

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64.127, -21.817
39 m / 128 ft

#30 Reykjavik

The capital of Iceland

Reykjavík, with its 64 ° 08 'north latitude, is the most northerly situated capital of the world. The town is dominated by Hallgrímskirkja - the highest church and also a city building. Another important monument is Villa Höfði, where Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev acted on the end of the Cold War.

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47.14, 9.52
456 m / 1 496 ft

#31 Vaduz

The capital city of Liechtenstein

Vaduz is essentially just a larger village with 5,500 inhabitants, which is also the capital of Liechtenstein. Vaduz is about 4 km long, lies in the Alpine valley. Besides the beautiful location and the pretty prince's castle on the rock, you probably will not find much more interesting here.

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49.612, 6.132
308 m / 1 010 ft


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