A walk through the town of the Hussite military leader Jan Žižka
The royal city of Čáslav was founded during the reign of Přemysl Otakar II. in 1264. The center of the city has retained its ancient character, so the historic core of the city was declared a city monument zone. The historic city center is surrounded by partly preserved original fortifications with one preserved tower. The city's monument zone also includes many church and secular buildings.
Jan Žižka from Trocnov square with the town hall
The city center has retained a Gothic floor plan with a large central square and an attached rectangular street network. The town is strongly connected with the Hussite movement and the figure of Jan Žižka, so it is no wonder that the square is called Jan Žižka of Trocnov. basic program of the Hussites. In addition, according to old annals, after death, Jan Žižka's body was first deposited in Hradec Králové and then secretly transported to Čáslav. At the end of 1910, in a walled niche in the church of St. Peter and Paul's bones and part of the skull with an obvious scar above the left orbit. According to research, these are probably the remains of Jan Žižka.
Baroque town hall
The square is dominated by a distinctive Baroque town hall building from 1770. The town hall is located here and inside the building there is the Žižek Hall, where you can see the found remains of Jan Žižka from Trocnov.
Square fountain and Marian column
The square also features a listed sandstone Classicist fountain from the end of the 18th century and a Baroque Marian column from 1745–46, modified in 1854 with a statue of the Immaculate Conception.
Monument to Jan Žižka
Jan Žižka visited Čáslav many times. Among other things, he took part in the so-called Čáslav Assembly from 3 to 7 June 1421. The Hussite military leader is paid tribute to a monument located in a park on the square. The sandstone statue of a standing warlord is built on a prismatic pedestal. The author of the monument unveiled in August 1881 is Josef Václav Myslbek.
Monument to Matouš Ulický
On the way from the square to the church we come across a monument to Matouš Ulický. It is an octagonal stone column with a head carrying a chalice. The monument was created by Bohumil Kozák in the first half of the 20th century. The monument commemorates the Čáslav chaplain Matouš Uličný. He was cruelly tortured on suspicion of inciting peasant rebellions in the Kouřim and Čáslav regions and brutally executed on September 11, 1627 in Čáslav.
Church of St. Peter and Paul
The early Gothic three-nave church was built in 1350 on the site of the Romanesque church of St. Michal from 1130. It was built into the church of St. Peter and Paul and serves as a sacristy. The church underwent a number of building modifications over the centuries and was regotized in the early 20th century.
The church tower was next to the church of St. Peter and Paul was added at the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries. It is 88.5 m high and currently serves as a lookout tower.
Finding the remains of Jan Žižka
Jan Žižka died during a campaign in Moravia in 1424 near Přibyslav. According to old annals, after his death, the body of Jan Žižka was first deposited in Hradec Králové and then secretly transported to Čáslav. Peter and Paul's bones and part of the skull with an obvious scar above the left orbit. According to research, these are probably the remains of Jan Žižka.
Klimenta Černíková street
On the opposite side of the square is a street named after a local native, teacher, writer and historian Kliment Čermák. The street is lined with historic houses with arcades. Otakar's bastion peeks out from behind.
The massive cylindrical tower called „Otakar's Bastion“ is one of the best-preserved parts of the former medieval fortifications of the city from the 13th century. After paying the entrance fee, it is possible to climb the tower and see a unique example of the so-called French-type defensive city system from the top. The fortifications consisted of a high stone wall, several bastions and three towers.
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