Dominant of the Iron Mountains with beautiful views
About 14 km west of the town of Čáslav lies the unmissable dominant of the Iron Mountains. The castle was founded around 1250 by Smile from the Ronov family and named it Lichtenburg. The name Lichnice was born from this mutilation. From the ruins of the castle there is a beautiful view of a large part of the Železná hora PLA.
From Lichnice, you can see the distinctive Železnohora ridge, which stretches from Chvaletice to Slavíkov.
A moving history
The oldest mention of the castle dates from 1251. In 1331, King John of Luxembourg bought it. In 1370, Emperor Karel IV stayed here and then his son Wenceslas IV owned it. It was conquered during the Hussite wars and then changed a number of owners. It burned down in 1610 and was never completely repaired. After the end of the Thirty Years' War, it was completely demolished in 1648.
The hill with the originally medieval castle is used as a dominant feature of the village of Třemošnice and the wide surrounding landscape. Although the castle was extensively damaged, the perimeter wall with the remains of a fence, the remains of a round residential tower and a distinctive tower gate have survived. The cellars under the remains of the palace are freely accessible.
Triangular floor plan
The entire castle had a triangular plan. In the northeastern part are the remains of a circular residential tower with a diameter of 12 meters. The remains of the palace can be seen in the southeast corner. You can see the massiveness of the original building on the model in the small information center.
Milada lookout tower
There is a new lookout tower right in the castle grounds. If you climb the spiral metal staircase above the remains of the castle tower, you will get a beautiful view of the Železnohorský ridge and the surrounding countryside. With good visibility, you can see as far as the Krkonoše Mountains.
Metal construction of the observation tower
A newly built 10-meter-high steel structure replaced the unsatisfactory original viewing terrace. Construction began in July 2016 and was opened to the public in April 2017
In the courtyard, a castle well, broken out of the rock, has been preserved. which is 13 meters deep. At the well, part of the castle moat can be seen, separating the castle palace from the courtyard.
Geopark Železná hory
Below the castle, next to the entrance road, there is a geopark – a wooden shelter with information panels around which are placed rock blocks from the area of the Iron Mountains.
About 200 m north of the castle there is an interesting vantage point called Dívčí kámen. It is a rocky outcrop above a steep slope above the WILD Lovetínská gorge.
The rock got its name based on rumors about the cruel Milada. Her father fell from this rock while returning from hunting and died. She then had it announced that she would marry the man who turned three times on the rock on his horse. Many knights tried to do this, but they all fell off the rock and killed themselves. In the end, after all, only one suitor succeeded, because he saddled his horse with diamonds. But instead of marrying Milada, he shot her through the heart with an arrow. For he was the brother of one of those who had failed, and he wanted to avenge him.
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