One of the oldest Czech villages with a rich history, three churches and beautiful surroun
The village of Tetín is located about 3 km southeast of Beroun. It is surrounded by karst areas with a romantic and wild landscape furrowed by a number of gorges and canyons. Thanks to its location on a cliff above the canyon of the Berounka River, it offers wonderful views of the opposite rocks and the entire river canyon. The place was inhabited as early as the Paleolithic and fortified period, and therefore Tetín is one of the oldest historically old villages in the Czech Republic. Tetín is in legends associated with Kroka's second-born daughter Teta, but historically it is especially significant due to the stay and tragic death of St. Ludmila. The extraordinary historical significance of the village is evidenced by the fact that there are three churches in the village.
Church of St. Jan Nepomucký
The original Romanesque, later rebuilt Baroque building stands near the place where the court of Princess Ludmila stood in the middle of the fort. Probably somewhere near the current church, Ludmila was also buried after her violent death. It is interesting that in the years 1533 – 1539 Václav Hájek from Libočany worked here as a priest. He started writing the famous Czech Chronicle here. It states, among other things: „Aunt ordered the city of Tetin to be built and sprinkled with wide and high ramparts and preached with water from one well of a steep spring to the city square with a considerable load.“
View from the church
The church has an exceptional location above the steep rocks above Berounka. From the road behind the church there is an extraordinary view towards the Berounka valley and the town of Beroun. The path continues east to the site of the fortified settlement and the Tetín views.
The ruins of the castle Tetín
King Wenceslas II used a strategic place on a rock above the river in 1288. to establish a castle. During the reign of Charles IV. the castle disappeared. Today, the remains of a square tower, the remains of the castle palace walls and a deep moat can be seen here.
View of the Berounky canyon
Not far from the ruins there is a resting place with a charming view of the Berounka river valley and the nearby limestone rocks.
Tetín fortified settlement
Tetín fortified settlement with an area of about 10 ha was located near the present ruins of the castle Tetín in the place of today's village. It was one of the strongholds of the system of fortifications of the Přemyslid state and its origins are usually placed at the turn of the 9th and 10th centuries. Princess (Saint) Ludmila was murdered here in 921. There is one of the oldest Slavic burial grounds in Bohemia.
Below the castle and the lookout there is a strip of rocks about 2 km long in the river canyon and there is the Tetínské skálly nature reserve. Rare species of plants and animals thrive on rock walls, cliffs and in a total of about 50 caves. It is also an attractive place for climbers.
Church of St. Catherine
The smallest of the three churches in the village was built in the Romanesque style around 1200. It probably stands on the site of a church, the existence of which is assumed as early as the life of St. Ludmila. A walk through the bell tower from 1858 and a small cemetery to the church. The area of the church with the bell tower is protected as a cultural monument of the Czech Republic.
Saint Ludmila (ca. 860 – 921) is one of the main ancestors of Czech monarchs and Czech queens and significantly contributed to the Christianization of Bohemia. She was the wife of the first historically documented Přemyslid, Prince Bořivoj I., the mother of Prince Vratislav I. and the grandmother of St. Wenceslas. Ludmila was murdered on 15 September 921 at the Tetín fortified settlement. It is said that she was strangled (according to legend, her own scarf). The scarf therefore later became a symbol of St. Ludmila. In 925, the young Prince Wenceslas had her remains transferred from Tetín to Prague, to the Basilica of St. George at Prague Castle. Ludmila was canonized in the 12th century and is (chronologically) the first Czech saint.
Church of St. Ludmila
Built in the Baroque style in the 80s of the 17th century. The interior of the church is single-nave with a flat vault and a stone baroque altar. The glazed altar plate contains a stone on which St. Ludmila killed.
The rectangular two-storey building of the chateau was built in the second half of the 18th century in the Baroque style. At this time, the castle was a meeting place for important personalities – J. Jungmann, J. Dobrovský or FL Čelakovský.
Also worth seeing is the newly renovated semi-trailer with a tank and memorial plaques.
Surrounding rocks and quarries
Below the Damil hill (396 m above sea level) there are several romantic rocks and gorges with beautiful views of the village and its surroundings. Definitely worth going out there.
The road then leads further along the plateau to the extensive Blue Quarry and it is possible to reach the more distant White Quarry.
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