Or the Wallachian open-air museum
The Wallachian Open-Air Museum is the first museum of its kind in the Czech Republic. These are several complexes of folk buildings depicting the life of various social classes. Members of the Rožnov Museum Association, especially siblings Alois and Bohumír Jaroňek, were responsible for its establishment.
The real origin of the museum was in 1925. At that time, two timbered houses from Rožnov Square were moved to the clearing of the spa park, together with other smaller buildings, which gave rise to the area of the so-called Wooden Town.
It is a set of burgher buildings, including equipment depicting how the burghers of that time lived. For each building, the history of the building is often given, including a description of how many people lived here, what they ate, etc.
Church of St. Anny located in a wooden town is a copy of the church in the former village of Větřkovice. Around the church is the so-called Valašský Slavín, which is an honorary burial ground of important personalities of Wallachia, including Emil Zátopek.
The founders themselves were aware that the city part of the museum does not sufficiently tell about the ways of life in the whole of Wallachia, and therefore they strived for the realization of the village area. The plan to build the Wallachian village originated in the early 1950s, and a decade later the construction of the first timbered cottages and farm buildings began.
Harmony with nature
The Wallachian village is picturesquely located in the countryside. Individual unique buildings were transferred here, or copies were built. In addition to individual cottages and homesteads, you can also see a school or a smithy. If you are lucky, you can also talk here with a period teacher or a baking pan.
Even in Valašská dědina, it is possible to enter almost all buildings and see the equipped, although often very cramped, interior. It is also possible to read the history of the building and the people living in each of the buildings.
One of the biggest attractions of the Wallachian village is the windmill. This mill was originally built in Kladníky near Helfštýn Castle. At present, you can see the technical equipment of the mill, and if you are lucky, you may even meet millers.
Mlýnská dolina is the third area of the Wallachian Museum in nature, with functional historical buildings powered by water – a mill mill, a sawmill, an oil press or, for example, a hammer mill. Unlike the previous parts of the museum, the Mlýnská valley is accessible only with a guide. Each part of the museum has its own entrance and a separate entrance fee. The largest part is Valašská dolina.
Jurkovič lookout tower
In the immediate vicinity of the open-air museum complex is the Jurkovič lookout tower. The lookout tower was named after the Slovak architect Dušan Sámo Jurkovič, who left a significant mark in this area. Although the original idea to build a lookout tower dates back to the 1960s, it was not realized until 2010–11.
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