A walk through the second oldest part of Moscow
Kitaj-gorod is an area of the city northeast of Red Square. In 1538, the whole area was surrounded by walls with 14 towers. It was the main business district of old Moscow. There were also 18 churches and 4 monasteries and in the era of the Soviet Union also government buildings. At present, the southern part of Kitay-gorod is being extensively rebuilt.
Varvarka Street, the street of churches, is the most picturesque street of Kitay-gorod and one of the oldest in Moscow. There are many smaller temples, the Old English Court and the building of the large market Gostinyj dvor. The southern part of Varvarky Street has undergone a massive reconstruction, and a large park is being built here.
From the northeast side, Kitaj-gorod closes the area of the park with the Old and New Squares and Lubyanka Square with the Mayakovsky Museum. Below the Old Square stands a group of statues of Cyril and Methodius and a short distance away is the Moscow Choral Synagogue and the Orthodox Church of All Saints in Kulišky.
Mikulášska (Nikolskaja) street
The main street of Kitaj-gorod is Mikulášská Street. There are many interesting buildings of various architectural styles. You will also find the Zakonospasský Monastery and the Church of the Epiphany.
In the northern part of Kitay-gorod lies the Revolution Square, the site of the fighting during the Bolshevik coup. In the red brick building with turrets, where the VI Lenin Museum used to be, theater performances are held today. A short distance away you can see the towers of the Zajkonospasský monastery. And then the building of the tastefully renovated Hotel Metropol, built between 1899 and 1903 according to the design of the Englishman of Russian origin William Walcott. The gable of its northern wall is decorated with majolica paintings by Mikhail Vrubel. Behind the hotel is one of the original fortifications of Kitay-gorod.
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