A walk through a green oasis close to the Kremlin
Aleksandrovský sad and Manéžní náměstí are located just behind the western part of the Kremlin walls. They stretch from the State Historical Museum in the north to the Moscow River in the south. Here the visitor to the city can relax a bit from the crowds of tourists walking along the Kremlin and Red Square.
To the west of the Kremlin, below the Kremlin walls, is the Aleksandrovský sad park, built in 1821. The Něglinka river was brought underground to return from the underground canal to the surface and flow through a system of fountains with statues of horses and fairy-tale characters. From Aleksandrovsky sad tourists enter through the gate in the tower Kutafya to the Kremlin.
There are large areas of greenery in the park and we find the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, an artificial cave in the wall of the Kremlin – Ruins, reminiscent of the destroyed Moscow during the Napoleonic Wars and also a monument to the Moscow Patriarch Hermogen.
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
Near Aleksandrovsky sad stands the Manege, a yellow neoclassical building with white columns, after which the adjacent square is named. Manege was originally a riding school from 1817 and today is an exhibition hall.
Russian State Library
Opposite the Manege across the road is a functionalist marble cube of the Russian State Library, the former VI Lenin State Library, still called Leninka by the people of Moscow. The building was built in 1940 and is the largest library in the country with more than 40 million volumes. In front of it is a statue of Dostoevsky, who spent many hours in this library.
Manéžní náměstí is a large space stretching from Manéže to the equestrian statue of Marshal Žukov, the hero of World War II, standing in front of the State Historical Museum. In the middle of the square, under the underground (under a landscaped park), there is a luxurious underground shopping center Okhotny Ryad. The shopping center and the park with glass domes above it are the work of the controversial Russian architect Zurab Cereteli.
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