Medieval gold mining town with an authentic square
About 35 km northwest of Pilsen lies the city of Tuesday. The unusual name of the city is derived from the name of the day on which the market took place here. The original settlement Úterý was founded in the 11th century by German miners, who mined gold in the area. Thanks to the remoteness and poor transport services, the town has largely retained its ancient character. This is especially evident in the square, which looks almost like a fairy tale. It is paved with cat's heads, a Renaissance town hall and several half-timbered houses stand on it. Due to its charming character, Tuesday is popular among filmmakers, for example, the popular television series „Wild Country“ was filmed here.
At first glance, every visitor will surely be interested in the square with town houses and the Renaissance town hall. At first glance, the ancient-looking houses on the square have truly medieval cores. The town served as a market village and weekly Tuesday markets were held on this square, which gave the town its name. From an architectural point of view, the square is the most valuable part of the city. There are a total of eleven listed buildings – nine houses, a plague column and a Baroque fountain.
Some houses have retained their original appearance from 1694, when the town was restored after a fire. The Gothic core and cellars have been preserved in many houses. A typical element are mausoleums – passages where the townspeople ran shops or crafts.
Reconstruction of houses
The houses are already mostly sensitively reconstructed. Some are still being worked on and, as we can see, collections are underway to repair them.
Renaissance town hall
The town hall dates from 1561 and its Renaissance layout with a half-timbered floor and a high gabled roof is still visible today. It got its present form after a fire in 1694. However, it was not overhauled until 1992–1993, during which the Renaissance painted ceiling was uncovered. Today, the town hall is the seat of the town hall and the post office.
The fountain was first documented in 1635. It was originally wooden, it was not replaced by a stone one until around 1800. The stone tank with a square floor plan was completely restored in 1994.
Column with a statue of the Virgin Mary
The center of the square is decorated with the Marian Column built by the city in the years 1728–1731. The central statue of the Virgin Mary was made by brothers Franz and Michl Stilpová from Cheb. Statues of saints St. Vojtěch, Florián and Šebestián are the work of the Tuesday sculptor Johann Josef Stern
Birthplace of the founder of Mariánské Lázně
Kašpar Prokop Reitenberger (1779–1860), later abbot of Teplá and founder of Mariánské Lázně, was born in the yellow house number 92 on the square on December 29, 1779. Visitors to Mariánské Lázně can see his statue by the Singing Fountain on the Marianske Lazne Colonnade. On Tuesday, it is commemorated by a sign at his birthplace.
House "U mincovny"
Gold was mined in the area, but the existence of the mint has not been proven. The Baroque house with a mansard roof „U mincovny“ is one of the oldest houses in the village. Its original layout has been preserved without significant changes.
Church of St. John the Baptist
The original church of St. John the Baptist was founded sometime around 1200, it was probably wooden and protected by a wall and a moat. After the great fire of the town in 1694, the church burned down and was newly built according to the design of Kryštof Diezenhofer in 1698. The church attracts with its unusual oval floor plan and location on a hill above the town.
Chapel and stairs to the church
At the staircase to the church there is a niche chapel of deadly anxieties, in which a death knell was previously hung.
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